Raleigh, NC: 919-787-7600

Email: jill.warren@drmackowsky.com


Vision Therapy

Some visual conditions cannot be treated adequately with just glasses, contact lenses and/or patching, and are best resolved through a program of Vision Therapy. To learn more about some of the ways Vision Therapy can help you, click on the links below:

What is Vision Therapy?

Vision Therapy is an individualized, supervised, treatment program designed to correct visual-motor and/or perceptual-cognitive deficiencies. Vision Therapy sessions include procedures designed to enhance the brain’s ability to control:

  • Eye Alignment
  • Eye Tracking and Eye Teaming
  • Eye Focusing Abilities
  • Eye Movements
  • Visual Processing
  • Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

Visual-motor skills and endurance are developed through the use of specialized equipment and optical devices, including therapeutic lenses, prisms, and filters. During the final stages of therapy, the patient’s newly acquired visual skills are reinforced and made automatic through repetition and by integration with motor and cognitive skills.

Who Benefits from Vision Therapy?

Children and adults with the below visual challenges.

1. Learning-related Vision Problems

Vision Therapy can help those individuals who lack the necessary visual skills for effective reading, writing, and learning (i.e., eye movement and focusing skills, convergence, eye-hand activity, visual memory skills, etc.).To learn more about learning-related vision problems, visit any of these web pages on:

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2. Poor Binocular (2-eyed) Coordination

Vision Therapy helps individuals develop normal coordination and teamwork of the two eyes (binocular vision). When the two eyes fail to work together as an effective team, performance in many areas can suffer (reading, sports, depth perception, eye contact, etc.).To learn more about binocular (two-eyed) vision, visit any of these web pages on:

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3. Convergence Insufficiency (common near vision disorder)

Recent scientific research – funded by the National Eye Institute and conducted at Mayo Clinic – has proven that in-office Vision Therapy is the best treatment for Convergence Insufficiency.To learn all about Convergence Insufficiency, go to:

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4. Amblyopia (lazy eye), Diplopia (double vision), and Strabismus (cross-eyed, wandering eye, eye turns, etc.)

Vision Therapy programs offer much higher cure rates for turned eyes and/or lazy eye when compared to eye surgery, glasses, and/or patching, without therapy. The earlier the patient receives Vision Therapy the better, however, our office successfully treats patients well past 21 years of age. Recent scientific research has disproven the long held belief that children with lazy eye, or amblyopia, can’t be helped after age 7.

To learn more about crossed eyes, eye turns, or lazy eye, visit any of these web pages on:

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5. Stress-related Visual Problems – Blurred Vision, Visual Stress from Reading and Computers, Eye Strain Headaches, and/or Vision-induced Stomachaches or Motion Sickness

Modern life demands more from our vision than ever before. Many children and adults constantly use their near vision at school, work and home. Environmental stresses on the visual system (including excessive computer use or close work) can induce blurred vision, eyestrain, headaches, etc.To learn about these visual problems and vision therapy, see:

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Visual Rehabilitation for Special Needs – Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), Stroke, Birth Injury, Brain Damage, Head Injury, Whiplash, Cerebral Palsy, MS, etc.

Vision can be compromised as a result of neurological disorders or trauma to the nervous system. Vision Therapy can effectively treat the visual consequences of brain trauma (including double vision).To learn more about visual rehabilitation with vision therapy, see:

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Visual Rehabilitation for Special Needs – Developmental Delays, Visual Perceptual Visual-Motor Deficits, Attention Deficit Disorders, Autism Spectrum Disorders

To learn more about vision therapy as it relates to developmental delays or disorders, see:

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Sports Vision Improvement

Strong visual skills are critical to sports success. Not much happens in sports until your eyes instruct your hands and body as to what to do! We can measure and successfully improve eye-hand coordination, visual reaction time, peripheral vision, eye focusing, eye tracking and teaming, visualization skills, and more. Find out how children and adults improve coordination and sports ability through Vision Therapy.

Vision Therapy can be the answer to many visual problems. Don’t hesitate to contact our office with your questions.

To read definitions of Vision Therapy by outside sources, see What is Vision Therapy? and/or Vision Therapy? Self-help Eye Exercises?. To browse through hundreds of stories written by parents, teachers, adults and children, go to a national of catalog of Vision Therapy Success Stories.

Neuro-optometric Vision Rehabilitation

Neuro-Optometric Rehabilitation is the examination and treatment of adult and pediatric patients with visual dysfunction related to conditions such as traumatic brain injury, concussion, stroke, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, or brain tumor.
Neuro-visual problems can manifest as reading difficulties, visual inattention, eyestrain, double vision, visual memory problems, visually related anxiety, balance and postural difficulties, side vision loss, sensitivity to bright light, and other related symptoms or signs.

Dr. Mackowsky is one of only a few eye doctors in the country who has obtained her fellowship status with the Neuro-Optometric Rehabilitation Association and is also undergoing certified training in Neuro-Visual Postural Therapy.
Learn more about:

Rehabilitative Vision Therapy

We provide optometric vision therapy for focusing problems, eye muscle coordination difficulties, amblyopia (lazy eye), learning-related vision problems, and visually related balance, postural or ambulatory problems.

We also treat adults with work related eyestrain, and athletes with sports vision problems.

Many eye problems can be prevented or rehabilitated when detected and treated early, including conditions like crossed eyes, and nearsightedness due to eye strain. Neuro-optometric rehabilitative optometry treatment may include counter-stress lenses, yoked prisms, and/or neuro-optometric vision rehabilitation.

Our professional staff includes a certified optometric vision therapist who is C.O.V.D. Board Certified in Vision Therapy, and Vision Development.

There’s more to healthy eyes than 20/20 eyesight!